Analysing and Evaluating the Performance of Deep-Learning-Based Arrhythmia Detection Using Electrocardiogram Signals

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Rana Quadri
Shaista khanam


Cardiac arrhythmia is a cardiac irregularity that impacts a significant number of individuals globally. Certain arrhythmias may be benign or occur only once, while recurring arrhythmias have the potential to cause organ failure, increase the risk of stroke by a factor of five, and even lead to sudden cardiac death. Thus, in order to identify and treat arrhythmia and prevent potentially fatal cardiac problems, the rapid detection and categorization of Electrocardiogram (ECG) signals is of paramount importance. The non-invasive technique employs electrodes to examine the electrical potentials of the heart, facilitating the detection of structural and functional irregularities that contribute to the diagnosis of cardiovascular illnesses. Nevertheless, the high likelihood of manual interpretation, which is both time-consuming and susceptible to error caused by weariness, poses a significant challenge for cardiologists in identifying and diagnosing cardiac issues. In recent times, there has been a growing utilization of Deep Learning (DL) models in the field of arrhythmia prediction, with the aim of enhancing clinical decision-making and potentially mitigating the likelihood of valetudinarian fatality. These models enhance the diagnostic capabilities of electrocardiography by detecting pathological situations, extracting anatomically meaningful data, evaluating cardio-motion, and assessing the quality of echo images. As a result, they serve as an alternative tool for precise diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias. In order to forecast and categorize arrhythmias based on ECG signal data, this study provides a comprehensive review of various deep learning approaches. The initial section of the study provides a concise overview of various deep learning-based prediction models that have been developed by multiple researchers for echocardiography systems. Subsequently, a comparative analysis is undertaken to comprehend the limitations of those algorithms and propose a novel approach to improve the accuracy of cardiac view classification in echocardiography systems.


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