Main Article Content

Rajneesh Pachouri
Rupal jain


Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is a part of wireless networks that gives different applications in various fields. MANET's security had gotten perhaps the greatest issue in fields of networks. MANET is powerless against various kinds of attacks that influence its usefulness and availability. The black hole attack is viewed as one of the most perilous dynamic attacks which impedes the presentation and dependability of the network because of the dropping of all approaching data packets by the malicious node.

The black hole attack intends to deceive each node in the network that needs to speak with another node by guaranteeing that it generally has the best path to the objective node. AODV is a responsive routing protocol which has no method to identify and forestall black hole attack in to the network. In this examination work, we improved the AODV routing protocol utilizing another lightweight method that utilizes hop count and trolling to recognize and detect single and multiple black hole attack.

In this research work we provide the security scheme against single and cooperative black hole attack in MANET. The blackhole attack is packet dropping attack behaves like normal node at the time of connection establishment and after forward false reply of destination to sender drops all the data packets. In this attack one or more than one malicious nodes create a secure environment with the presence of other normal nodes. The proposed IDS (Intrusion Detection System) is identified the nodes those are not forwarded the data packets continuously abut node exist in network and provides the secure communication in dynamic network.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



C.Siva Ram Murthy and B S Manoj, „Mobile Ad Hoc Networks-Architecture and Protocolsâ€, Pearson Education, ISBN 81-317-0688-5, 2004.

Yongguang Zhang and Wenke Lee, Security in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks, in Book Ad Hoc Networks Technologies and Protocols, Springer, 2005.

M. A. Shurman, S. M. Yoo, and S. Park, “Black hole attack in wireless ad hoc networks,†in ACM 42nd Southeast Conference (ACMSE‟04), pp. 96-97, April. 2004.

Mohd Anuar Jaafar and Zuriati Ahmad Zukarnain, “Performance Comparisons of AODV, Secure AODV and Adaptive Secure AODV Routing Protocols in Free Attack Simulation Environmentâ€, European Journal of Scientific Research, pp. 430-443, 2009.

Khin Sandar Win,†Analysis of Detecting Wormhole Attack in Wireless Networksâ€, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 48, pp. 422-428, 2008.

Sathish, Arumugam, S.Neelavathy Pari, Harikrishnan V, "Detection of Single and Collaborative Black Hole Attack in MANET", This full-text paper was peer-reviewed and accepted to be presented at the IEEE, WiSPNET, 2016.

V. Keerthika, N. Malarvizhi, "Migrating Blackhole Attack using Trust with AODV in MANET", IEEE, 2016

Raquel Lacuesta, Jaime Lloret, Miguel Garcia and Lourdes Penalver, "A Secure Protocol for Spontaneous Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Creation", IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, Vol. 24, No. 4, 629-641, April 2013.

Raj PN, Swadas PB, "DPRAODV: A Dynamic Learning System against Blackhole Attack in AODV based MANET', International Journal of Computer Science Issue, Vol. 2, pp 54-59, 2009.

Neelesh Kumar Panthi, Ilyas Khan, Vijay k. Chaudhari, “Securing Mobile Agent Using Dummy and Monitoring Mobile Agents†, "International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies,(IJCSIT), Vol. 1 (4) , pp. 208-211, 2010.

L.Tamilselvan, Dr.V. Sankaranarayanan, "Prevention of Co-operativeBblack hole attack in MANET ", Journal of Networks,, 2008,pp. 13– 20.

Sun B, Guan Y, Chen J, Pooch UW , " Detecting Black-hole Attack in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks". 5th European Personal Mobile Communications Conference, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 22-25 April 2003.

Marco Fiore, Claudio Ettore Casetti, Carla-Fabiana Chiasserini, and Panagiotis Papadimitratos, "Discovery and Verification of Neighbor Positions in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks ", IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, Vol. 12, No. 2, Pp. 289-303, February 2013

X.Y. Zhang, Y. Sekiya and Y. Wakahara, “Proposal of a Method to Detect Black Hole Attack in MANETsâ€, Proceeding of IEEE International Symposium on Autonomous Decentralized System ISADS, 2009.

Panagiotis Papadimitratos and Zygmunt J. Haas , "Secure Routing for Mobile Ad hoc Networks", In Proceedings of the SCS Communication Networks and Distributed Systems Modeling and Simulation Conference (CNDS 2002), San Antonio, TX, pp 1-13,January 27-31, 2002

K. S. Sujatha, Vydeki Dharmar, R. S. Bhuvaneswaran “Design of Genetic Algorithm based IDS for MANETâ€, International Conference on Recent Trends in Information Technology (ICRTIT), pp. 28-33, 2012.

Dr Karim KONATE, GAYE Abdourahime “Attacks Analysis in mobile ad hoc networks: Modeling and Simulationâ€, 2011 Second International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation, pp. 367 – 372, 2011.

N. Gandhewar, R.Patel, “Detection and Prevention of Sinkhole Attack on AODV Protocol in Mobile Adhoc Networkâ€, Fourth International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN), pp. 714 – 718, 2012.

P.K Singh, G. Sharma, “An Efficient Prevention of Black Hole Problem in AODV Routing Protocol in MANETâ€, IEEE 11th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom), pp. 902 – 906, 2012.

Jian-Ming Chang, Po-Chun Tsou, Han-Chieh Chao, Jiann-Liang Chen, “CBDS: A Cooperative Bait Detection Scheme to prevent malicious node for MANET based on hybrid defense architectureâ€, 2nd International Conference on Wireless Communication, Vehicular Technology, Information Theory and Aerospace & Electronics Systems Technology (Wireless VITAE), pp. 1-5, 2011.