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This research rate of removal and planting of economic tree crops in ondo state the implication on employment and food productivity was designed to assess the rate of removal of economic tree crops among rural farmers in Ondo State of Nigeria and specifically the study was designed to; Identify the economic tree crops in the study area and to determine the indigenous uses of different components of the economic tree crops to the farm families. Four Local Government Areas in Ondo state were purposively selected for this study. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that a greater proportion of the identified economic tree crops were planted directly (personally by the farmer) i.e the respondents, while few were inherited from their parents. The rate at which the economic tree crops were being removed by the respondents was greater than the rate at which they were being replaced or planted. The high rate of removal of these tress was attributed to the erection of more/new buildings, disease attack, and dryness, road/path construction. Some of the tress were being planted or replaced mainly for more income generating purposes. Various parts like the fruits, roots, bark and leaves of many of these economic tree crops were used indigenously, for cultural preservation, for preparation of medicine, for manure and for livestock feeds.
Keywords: Removal, ,Planting, employment, food and tree crops.
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