Carbon Capturing and Storage Technology& current CCS initiatives in India (Emerging Technology in the field of Environmental Engineering)

Er.Manmeet Kaur

Abstract


The major concern for developing countries like India has been reducing their Carbon emissions and lowering their pollution levels. India has always made serious attempts in reducing its level of pollution. The government of India has pledged to reduce its Carbon emissions by 33% to 35% from 2005 levels by 2030 for facing the climate Change issue that has been posing as a major threat to the world. At the landmark Paris Climate Conference in December 2015, India has also committed that 40 % of its electricity would be coming from non fossil fuel based sources like wind and Solar power, by 2030. In an effort to reduce pollution, there are many technologies coming up. One such Technological advancement has been made in the field of carbon capturing and storage. In this paper, various approaches for Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS1) are reviewed along with currently taken CCS initiatives in India. CCS is a technology where carbon dioxide gas releasing from various sources is being captured like from fossil fuel power plants and transported to storage location and get it deposited where it would not enter into the atmosphere. The objective of this technology is to prevent the release of large amount of CO2
INTRODUCTION into the atmosphere as it is one of the major contributors for Global warming. Another important point to note here is that since the technology is novel, the Terms used might vary such as Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is used or sometimes Sequestration is used. The EU, the UNFCCC and the IPCC have adopted the term CCS.

Keywords


Sequestration; carbon; technology; pollution; carbon capturing

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26483/ijarcs.v8i4.3695

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