Main Article Content

Surinder Singh Khurana
Sukhvinder Singh Bamber
Manju Bala


Device to Device communication is a must required technology to support rapidly growing internet enabled devices. These devices are dependent on cellular technologies to access the data services. Device-to-device communication (D2D) allows the devices to communicate directly with each other in a cellular network without the use of the base station, as is done in the traditional 1G to 4G cellular systems. It allows for communication between devices without the use of any core network infrastructure but within the licensed band. It is becoming an increasingly popular concept especially when used in context of 5G cellular networks as it offers many advantages like lowering the communication cost, increasing the link reliability, gain in spectral efficiency and system capacity. This paper presents a state of the art survey in the field of D2D communication. Furthermore we also discussed open research issues in the field.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



Ericsson Mobility Report: On the Pulse of the Networked Society, Ericsson, 2015. Available at: http://www.ericsson.com/res/docs/ 2015/ericsson-mobility-report-june-2015.pdf.

D. Evans, “The Internet of Things How the Next Evolution of the Internet Is Changing Everythingâ€, Cisco White Paper. http://www.cisco.com/c/dam/en_us/about/ac79/docs/innov/IoT_IBSG_0411FINAL.pdf. Accessed on 10 Jan 2017.

V. Chandrasekhar, J. G. Andrews, and A. Gatherer, ‘‘Femtocell networks: A survey,’’ IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 59–67, Sep. 2008.

M. N. Tehrani , M. Uysal, and H. Yanikomeroglu. "Device-to-device communication in 5G cellular networks: challenges, solutions, and future directions." IEEE Communications Magazine 52.5 (2014): 86-92.

Cao, Yang, Tao Jiang, and Chonggang Wang. "Cooperative device-to-device communications in cellular networks." IEEE Wireless Communications 22.3 (2015): 124-129.

A. Asadi, W. Qing, and M. Vincenzo. "A survey on device-to-device communication in cellular networks." IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials 16.4 (2014): 1801-1819.

W. ALLIANCE, “Wi-Fi Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Specification v1. 1, “WI-FI ALLIANCE SPECIFICATION, vol. 1, pp. 1-159, 2010

Specifications, Bluetooth, “Bluetooth specification version 1.1,†Available HTTP: http://www.bluetooth.com, 2001.

Zigbee Alliance, “Zigbee specification,†Document 053474r06, Version, vol. 1, 2006.

X. Xiao, X. Tao, and J. Lu, “A QoS-aware power optimizatiOn scheme in OFDMA systems with integrated device-to-device ( D2D) communications,†in Proceedings of IEEE VTC-Fall, 2011, pp. 1–5.

D. Feng, L. Lu, Y. Yuan-Wu, G. Y. Li, G. Feng, and S. Li, “De vice-to- device communications underlaying cellular networks,†IEEE Trans action

L. Su, Y. Ji, P. Wang, and F. Liu, “Resource allocation using particle swarm optimization for D2D communication underlay of cellular networks,†in Proceedings of IEEE WCNC , 2013, pp. 129–133.

C. H. Yu, O. Tirkkonen, K. Doppler, and C. Ribeiro, “Power optimization of device-to-device communication underlaying cellular communication,†in Proceedings of IEEE ICC , 2009, pp. 1–5.

T. Han, R. Yin, Y. Xu, and G. Yu, “Uplink channel reusing selection optimization for device-to-device communication underlaying cellular networks,†in Proceedings of IEEE PIMRC , 2012, pp. 559–564.

C. H. Yu, K. Doppler, C. Ribeiro, and O. Tirkkonen, “Performance impact of fading interference to device-to-device communication underlaying cellular networks,†in Proceedings of IEEE PIMRC , 2009, pp. 858–862.

Q. Wang and B. Rengarajan, “Recouping opportunistic gain in dense base station layouts through energy-aware user cooperation ,†in Proceedings of IEEE WoWMoM , 2013, pp. 1–9.

K. Huang, Y. Chen, B. Chen, X. Yang, and V. Lau , "Overlaid cellular and mobile ad hoc networks." Communication Systems, 2008. ICCS 2008. 11th IEEE Singapore International Conference on. IEEE, 2008.

B. Kaufman, and A. Behnaam. "Cellular networks with an overlaid device to device network." Signals, Systems and Computers, 2008 42nd Asilomar Conference on. IEEE, 2008.

X. Chen, B. Proulx, X. Gong, and J. Zhang. "Exploiting social ties for cooperative D2D communications: A mobile social networking case." IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking 23.5 (2015): 1471-1484.

J. Zheng, B. Chen, and Y. Zhang. "An adaptive time division scheduling based resource allocation algorithm for D2D communication underlaying cellular networks." Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), 2015 IEEE. IEEE, 2015.

Y. Zhang, F. Li, M. Al-Qaness, and X. Luan, "A Resource Allocation Scheme for Multi-D2D Communications Underlying Cellular Networks with Multi-Subcarrier Reusing." Applied Sciences 7.2 (2017): 148.

Z. Yang, and K. Yaw-Wen, "Efficient Resource Allocation Algorithm for Overlay D2D Communication." Computer Networks (2017).

A. Hematian, W. Yu, C. Lu, D. Griffith, and N. Golmie, "A Clustering-Based Device-to-Device Communication to Support Diverse Applications." Proceedings of the International Conference on Research in Adaptive and Convergent Systems. ACM, 2016.

Z. Lin, Z. Gao, L. Huang, C. Chen, H. Chao, "Hybrid architecture performance analysis for device-to-device communication in 5G cellular network." Mobile Networks and Applications 20.6 (2015): 713-724.

A. Asadi, M. Vincenzo, and R. Gupta. "DORE: An Experimental Framework to Enable Outband D2D Relay in Cellular Networks." arXiv preprint arXiv:1706.01348 (2017).

N. Baldo. "The ns-3 LTE module by the LENA project", 2011, Avialable at: https://www2.nsnam.org/tutorials/tutorials/consortium13/lte-tutorial.pdf. Accessed on 12 April 2017.

A. Virdis,S. Giovanni, and N. Giovanni, "Simulating LTE/LTE-Advanced Networks with SimuLTE." Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications. Springer International Publishing, 2015. 83-105.

G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, F. Capozzi, P. Camard, "Simulating LTE cellular systems: An open-source framework." IEEE transactions on vehicular technology 60.2 (2011): 498-513.

C. Mehlführer, et al. "The Vienna LTE simulators-Enabling reproducibility in wireless communications research." EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing 2011.1 (2011): 29.

NetSim V10 Features, Available at: http://www.tetcos.com/new-releases.html, Accessed on: 15 June 2017.