VISUAL CHANGES IN GAIT IN INDIVIDUALS WITH PARKINSON DISEASE

J Sujatha, Dr. S.P. Rajagopalan

Abstract


Gait is a pattern of how a person walks. It is the movement of human limb resulting in locomotion. Parkinson's disease damages the neurons that produce dopamine, a neurotransmitter that transmits signals to the different parts of the brain. Shortage of dopamine is a cause of Parkinson disease where the person loses the ability to execute smooth and controlled movement. Dopamine controls our movements and reduction in dopamine results in motor deficit. Gait analysis gives an idea about the neurological condition of a person. Parkinson gait causes the head and neck muscle to move to the front giving stooped posture, with visible symptoms like slowness of movement, small shuffling steps, reduced walking speed mainly due to muscle hyper tonicity. This paper discusses about gait, its phases and gait disorders related to neurological problem.

Keywords


Dopamine, gait, hyper tonicity, kinematics, electromyography

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26483/ijarcs.v8i9.4976

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