Xray medical image characterization with sparse radiation based on Wavelets



In medical radiology there are large amounts of digital images in hospitals and health centers. Equipment that enables the acquisition of medical radiographs uses X-radiation sensor plates for image acquisition in medical diagnosis. Medical radiology equipment uses anti-scatter grids, which are physical devices, to avoid unwanted effects on imaging. In the present work, we analyse from a qualitative point of view the radiation scattering effect that is caused in images without the presence of the anti-scattering grid. In this research, the acquisition of radiological images was made by means of X-ray equipment with an anti-scattering grid, capturing images without scattering and others that only present radiation scattering as a point of comparison. The methodology uses the Wavelet transformation to image characterization in segment process that define the regions that affect the different types of dispersion presented in X radiation. The tool used for the analysis of the images is the multi-resolution Wavelet transform, specifically the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). The methodology was applied to different 2D radiological images in shades of gray. In the images used, it showed a robustness in the differentiation of X radiation incidence zones. This work is the beginning of a distortion analysis for the reconstruction of this type of images.


Image Processing, Characterization, Discrete Wavelet Transform, Scattered Image, Radiology, Wavelet.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26483/ijarcs.v11i6.6664


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