Performance quantification of Wireless Sensor Networks by implementing Zone Hybrid Routing Protocol

Barjinder Singh, Er. Rishma Chawla, Er. Suminder Kaur


A sensor network is composed of a large number of autonomous sensor nodes, which are densely deployed in the area of interest that is either inside the phenomenon or very close to it. Routing is an important operation, being the foundation of data exchanging between wireless devices. Zone Routing Protocol was the first hybrid routing protocol with both a proactive and a reactive routing components. ZRP was proposed to reduce the control overhead of proactive routing protocols and decrease the latency caused by route discovery in reactive routing protocols. ZRP defines a zone around each node consisting of a number of neighbourhoods. During this research work, the hybrid routing protocol ZRP is applied in wireless sensors and the corresponding performance of the network is measured in terms of overhead, delay and throughput. The main motive is to emphasis on routing process so that it can be enhanced with hybrid routing and the goals should be achieved. It is quantified that zone routing is more powerful than any other individual routing component and also during implementation of ZRP in Wireless Sensors some new scenarios are taken according to perspectives.


Keywords: Wireless Sensors, Zone Routing, ZRP, IARP, IERP, Hybrid Routing, Proactive Routing, Reactive Routing

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